A balance sheet is a financial statement that provides a snapshot of a company's financial position at a particular point in time. It shows the company's assets, liabilities, and equity, and it is used to calculate key financial ratios and metrics such as the debt-to-equity ratio and the return on equity.
Here is an example of how a balance sheet might look:
As of December 31, 2020
Accounts receivable $200,000
Total current assets $450,000
Property, plant, and equipment $1,000,000
Intangible assets $250,000
Total non-current assets $1,250,000
Total assets $1,700,000
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Accounts payable $100,000
Accrued expenses $75,000
Total current liabilities $175,000
Long-term debt $500,000
Total non-current liabilities $500,000
Total liabilities $675,000
Common stock $500,000
Retained earnings $525,000
Total equity $1,025,000
Total liabilities and equity $1,700,000
In this example, ABC Inc. has total assets of $1,700,000, including $450,000 in current assets and $1,250,000 in non-current assets. It also has total liabilities of $675,000, including $175,000 in current liabilities and $500,000 in non-current liabilities. Finally, it has total equity of $1,025,000, including $500,000 in common stock and $525,000 in retained earnings.
The balance sheet provides a snapshot of a company's financial position at a particular point in time, and it can be used to calculate key financial ratios and metrics that provide insight into the company's financial health and performance.